In their first year, Ph.D. students must attend 120 hours of in-class training on methodological, curricular, and interdisciplinary courses. They are also involved in seminars, workshops, conferences, and research activities offered to the community of doctoral researchers in law.

In their second year, the requirement for in-class training is reduced to 80 hours, since students are expected to work primarily on defining the structure and contents of their dissertation, in close collaboration with their supervisors.

The third year is then devoted to refining the thesis, to be discussed within two months from the end of the program.

Most of the courses offered are taught in English; the Ph.D. students are expected to certify their knowledge of at least another foreign language, during their program.

Alternatively, during the second or third year, students are required – as noted above – to undergo a 3 to 6-month research period abroad, to be carried out as a Visiting Fellow at renowned universities or centers that are deemed relevant for the Ph.D. project.

Publication requirements amount to two scientific papers in an Italian, International, or foreign journal, over the first two years.

N.B.: All information is descriptive and intended for merely illustrative purposes. It may not correspond to the actual requirements and conditions offered.

Such information is set yearly by the “Call for Admissions” and the “Attachment I to the Regulation of the Academic Activities of the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna“, and it might change over time without any further notice to be expected in this section of the website.

In no case, the information here provided is to be deemed official or binding for the University.